The actual format of the appendix will vary depending on the content; therefore, there is no single format. In general, the content of an appendix should conform to the appropriate APA style rules for formatting text.
Because APA style uses parenthetical citations, you do not need to use footnotes or endnotes to cite your sources. The only reasons you need to use footnotes are for explanatory content notes or copyright permission.
Content footnotes contain information that supplements the text, but would be distracting or inappropriate to include in the body of the paper. In other words, content footnotes provide important information that is a tangent to what you are discussing in your paper. The footnote should only express one idea. If it is longer than a few sentences, then you should consider putting this information in an appendix. Most authors do not use footnotes because they tend to be distracting to the readers.
Academic Phrases for Writing Acknowledgements & Appendix Sections of a Research Paper
If the information is important, authors find a way to incorporate it into the text itself or put it in an appendix. If you are including a quote that is longer than words or a table or figure in your paper that was originally published elsewhere, then you need to include a footnote that acknowledges that you have permission from the owner of the copyright to use the material.
Tables enable you to show your data in an easy to read format. However, you do not need to present all of your data in tabular form.
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Tables are only necessary for large amounts of data that would be too complicated in the text. If you only need to present a few numbers, you should do so directly in the text, not in a table. Each table should be identified by a number, in the order that they appear in the text e. When using a table, you need to refer to the table in the text e. Do not discuss every piece of data that is in the table or else there is no point in having the table.
Appendices - Organizing Academic Research Papers - Research Guides at Sacred Heart University
Only mention the most important pieces of information from the table. Your research paper must be complete without the appendices, and it must contain all information including tables, diagrams, and results necessary to address the research problem. The key point to remember when you are writing an appendix is that the information is non-essential; if it were removed, the paper would still be understandable. It is appropriate to include appendices When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following points:.
Appendices may include some of the following, all of which should be referred to or summarized in the text of your paper:. Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices, but consult the writing style guide [e. Department of Biology. Purdue University; Lunsford, Andrea A. The St.
Martin's Handbook. New York: St. Martin's Press, Toggle navigation. Organizing Academic Research Papers: Appendices.
The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Importance of When the incorporation of material in the body of the work would make it poorly structured or it would be too long and detailed and To ensure inclusion of helpful, supporting, or essential material that would otherwise clutter or break up the narrative flow of the paper, or it would be distracting to the reader. Structure and Writing Style I.